Example of Cutting tools

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Example of Cutting tools​


Single point turning tool—cutter for turning operation performed in lathe

Drill—cutter for drilling operation performed on drilling machine or lathe or milling machine

Milling cutter (or mill)—cutter for milling operations performed on milling machine

Fly cutter—cutter for fly milling operation performed in milling machine

Shaper—cutter for shaping operation performed in shaping machine

Planer—cutter for planing operation performed in planing machine

Boring bar—cutter for boring operation performed in drilling or boring machine

Reamer—cutter for reaming operation performed in drilling machine

Broach—cutter for broaching operation performed in broaching machine

Hob—cutter for hobbing operation performed in hobbing machine

Grinding wheel—abrasive cutter for grinding operation performed in grinding machine.


Machining is one type of manufacturing operation where excess material is gradually removed by shearing in the form of chip from a preformed blank. A rigid, hard, wedge shaped device, called cutting tool, is employed for compressing the work material and thereby shearing the excess layer of material.

So the purpose of cutting tool (also called cutter) is to compress a particular layer of work material in order to shear it off. Therefore, cutter must have wedge shape with sharp edge for smoothly and efficiently removing material requiring minimum power. At the same time cutter material should be sufficiently hard so as to withstand intense rubbing occurred during machining. Along with the definition and example, purposes, various features, designations, materials and classification of cutting tools are discussed the following sections.

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